Born in the dakota territory near the forks of the Cheyenne River about 1835, Rain-in-the-Face was from the Hunkpapa band within the Lakota nation. His name may have been a result of a fight when he was a boy in which his face was splattered like rain with his Cheyenne adversary's blood. Late in his life, the chief related that the name was reinforced by an incident when he was a young man where he was in a battle in a heavy rainstorm with a band of Gros Ventres. At the end of the lengthy combat, his face was streaked with war paint.
In his lifetime, Sitting Bull became the most respected leader of all his Lakota people and the most widely recognized Indian of all times.
Buffalo skulls are often found on the prairie near the Schmidt ranch.